It is a preventive measure to have the apartment building installed with safety equipment like smoke detectors, alarms and carbon monoxide detectors to warn you of an emergency, and fire extinguishers to help you combat fire in case of an outbreak.
Being familiar on how to properly use a fire extinguisher singapore is very important as you can save lives and prevent property loss. The basics of extinguishing the fire using a fire extinguisher is following the PASS tactic that is: Pulling the pin, Aiming the hose at the source of the fire, Squeezing of the lever, and Sweeping the hose from side to side till the fire is completely extinguished.
But before you get hold of a fire extinguisher and using it, the first thing you should do is to weigh if you it is possible or not to combat the fire, and whether you can manage to put ot off completely. If you determine that it is not possible to combat it, it is advisable to immediately exit the premises and contact the fire department for some assistance.
Steps of using the fire extinguisher
Start by exiting everybody from the building. Never should you intent to combat fire alone using a fire extinguisher until the last person has left the building safely. Another thing to know is that you can start combating the fire if you have a clear exit route.
Contact the fire department. Prior to start combating a fire emergency, begin by contacting the fire department and explaining to them the emergency, the exact location, the address, and the names of the nearby buildings or road. Also, do not cut the phone call till you are instructed to do by the operator who received it.
Opt for fire extinguisher if the fire is small. Actually fire extinguishers are designed to combat small contained fires, and not huge ones. It is advisable to combat fires that have flames which are smaller than you. On contrary, consider exiting immediately if the fire is spreading or the flames are much taller then you.
Exit a room full of smoke. It is against the odds to combat fire alone when the room is full of smoke. This is because the smoke can make you unconscious when inhaled.
Suppose the room is filled with smoke, take a wet cloth and cover the nose and mouth while maintaining on the floor. The reason for this is that smoke is less dense than oxygen, so it will be above the floor and oxygen will be near the floor. Once at the floor, try to crawl out of the room.
Select the correct fire extinguisher. Actually, there exists different types of fire extinguishers. The difference pops in with the kind of dousing agent it has to combat particular fire class. Using a wrong extinguisher to put off fire can actually be dangerous by making it become even fiercer. It is important to be aware of the type of fire to be put off and to also have the correct extinguisher.
Class A: this type is used to put off fires caused by plastics, cloth, paper and wood. These extinguishers have foam and water as dousing agent
Class B: it puts off oil, gasoline, and grease fires. The dousing agent is carbon dioxide or a dry chemical.
Class C: it is suitable for extinguishing electrical fires. These extinguishers are filled with carbon dioxide or a dry chemical as the dousing agent.
Class D: it puts off combustible metals. The dousing agent here is a powdered chemical that is dry.
Class K: it extinguishes grease, oil, and kitchen fires. A dry or wet chemical can be used as a dousing agent
Class ABC: this type of extinguisher functions in putting off all classes of fires; A, B, and C. the dousing agent a dry chemical.